Lesson Plan #: AELP-ECL0202
Submitted by: Dr. Richard Oakes Peters
School/University/Affiliation: Augusta State University (GA)
Date: January 25, 2001
Grade Level: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Adult/Continuing Education
Duration: Five 50-75 minute sessions
Description: In school and at field-based sites, students investigate the characteristics and history of mountain ecosystems.
Students will understand the ecological characteristics of a mountain biome.
Students will understand the ways that mountain biome resources are used by Man.
Students will learn about the history of mountain biome development.
Students will research the historical development and characteristics of a selected mountain biome ecosystem.
Students will discuss the nature and characteristics of a selected mountain biome ecosystem with community resource people.
Students will create audiovisual presentations that depict the history and characteristics of a selected mountain biome ecosystem.
Students will write research reports and term papers about a mountain biome ecosystem.
Students will design a stewardship strategy to protect a mountain biome ecosystem from degradation.
- community resource people
- a mountain biome site
- transportation to/from the site with parent volunteers to act as chaperones
- books/magazines (see References below)
- atlases, maps, and globes
- computer software
- Internet sites
- films, filmstrips, slide/tape presentations, and videos
- 8mm/16mm motion picture cameras
- 35mm still photography cameras
- video tape equipment
biome – A major community (flora & fauna) located on a specific continental sub-division of the surface of the earth.
ECOnauts – Students actively engaged in a variety of environmental studies.
research – A variety of strategies used by students (ECOnauts) to collect data for later analysis and evaluation.
Mountains are made from one or more types of rock: igneous, sedimentary, and/or ____________ . ( Answer: metamorphic )
Mountains are called ___________ environments. ( Answer: alpine )
Which of the following types of wildlife would NOT be found in a North American mountain environment?
Using a variety of print/non-print materials, students investigate the nature and characteristics of a given mountain biome. Students use maps of the community/surrounding region to locate the mountain biome site to be studied. Guided by community resource people/site resource people, students tour a selected mountain region. They observe types of flora/fauna; take pictures/videotape of phenomena observed; collect rock samples; test stream/pond/lake water; record sounds using tape recorders; and keep diaries/logs. Students create reports, debate the importance of mountain biomes, and propose strategies to ensure the continued physical well-being of a mountain biome. Assessment: Students demonstrate their understanding of the history and characteristics of a selected mountain biome by: describing the characteristics of the biome to others in print and visual form; creating visual representations of biome characteristics (tabletop dioramas, bulletin boards) — used to inform others; designing a stewardship strategy; correctly answering 80% of objective test items (true/false, matching, multiple choice, completion or supply); and writing reflective essays, poems, and songs. Four sample test questions are provided below:
( Answer: c )
Which of the following types of trees would NOT be found in a North American mountain environment?
d) date palm
( Answer: d )
Useful Internet Resources:
* National Council for Geographic Education
* National Council for the Social Studies — ‘Mountains: A Global Resource’
* The Nature Conservancy
* American Forests
* National Parks Conservation Association
* Appalachian Mountain Club
* Sierra Club
* The Wilderness Society
* The Wildlife Society
Brooks, M. (1965). The Appalachians . Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co.
Kirk, R. (ed). (1996). The Enduring Forests . Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers.
National Geographic Society. (1985). America’s Wild Woodlands . Washington, DC.
Weidensaul, S. (1994). Mountains of the Heart . Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing.