Lesson Plan #:AELP-ANM004
AUTHOR: Maureen Jenner; Elem. Science Teacher The Community School, Sun Valley, Idaho Date: May 1994
Grade Level(s): 4, 5, 6
OVERVIEW: Biologists need to know about animal behavior to protect endangered species or control disease or pests. The California Condor was down to one in the natural habitat and very few in captivity because of the pesticide DDT being used by farmers. Also the Tule Elk in Point Reyes California was near extinction until scientists found that these elk needed certain plants introduced back into the environment containing copper. Scientists need to know about sampling, animal mapping so that they don’t have to look at every single animal in order to make an inference about a problem.
PURPOSE: To discover through the use of inference and deduction the needs and wants of animals.
Number dots from 1 to 20 – three times.
Place eyes on dots to show in which direction animal moves.
At end of trial describe the animal’s actions.
After recording for one trial, swap tasks with another team member.
Make sure team members are ready to start.
Tell Animal Manager when to place the animal in the center of box.
Watch the clock and call Time! every 15 seconds for 5 min. (20 times).
Watch closely where the animal moves.
Tell the Recorder in which direction to place the dots.
Remind your team members not to disturb the animal, not to touch it or talk too loudly.
After observing for one trial, swap tasks with another team member.
Hold the animal or its container until your team members are ready to begin mapping.
Put the animal in the center of the box when Time keeper says to start.
Hold the animal between trials.
Keep the animal from escaping.
After managing the animal for one trial, swap tasks with another team member.
Trial 1 – vertical axis Number of dots on Map 0 – 20 across bottom, write: IN THE OPEN AREA and NEXT TO WALLS and LOOKING IN CORNERS. Trial 2- across bottom horizontally: IN THE OPEN AREA NEXT TO WALLS, FACING INTO CORNERS, NEAR OR IN THE SHELTER.
Trial 3 ,across bottom horizontally: IN THE OPEN AREA, NEXT TO WALLS, NEAR THE OR IN SHELTER, NEAR OR IN THE FOOD
Library books or stories about animals near extinction.
GEMS – Lawrence School of Science Cal. Berkeley Animal Mapping
ACTIVITIES AND PROCEDURES:
Read any material you find in library or elsewhere about the Tule Elk, California Condor, wolf, or any other interesting animal scientists are investigating.
Put on board or large piece of paper so that all children can view, a large square or rectangle to represent the classroom. Then have large 1 stickers numbered from 1 – 20 with eyes on one side. Send one child out of the room for a few minutes while you explain to the rest of the class that you are going to map the child’s movements when he/she returns. Then have him/her come back. Map in front of the class on the board or large sheet of paper where he goes in the room. Every 20 seconds place a sticker with eyes pointed in the direction he is facing and on the spot on the paper showing his relationship to the room. Explain that the class will use the same technique to map movements of crickets.
Assigning team tasks:
TYING IT ALL TOGETHER: Place graphs from all groups on the board and discuss each graph and make inferences together as a whole group. Then have each child record his/her group’s findings and draw a picture about what the cricket in the box did most often in each of the 3 trials.
These lesson plans are the result of the work of the teachers who have attended the Columbia Education Center’s Summer Workshop. CEC is a consortium of teacher from 14 western states dedicated to improving the quality of education in the rural, western, United States, and particularly the quality of math and science Education. CEC uses Big Sky Telegraph as the hub of their telecommunications network that allows the participating teachers to stay in contact with their trainers and peers that they have met at the Workshops.