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## Ten Little Black Dots Lesson Plan

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Lesson Plan #: AELP-ATH0209
Submitted by: Tina Zeglin
Email: brstgang@yahoo.com
School/University/Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown
Endorsed by: Mr. Bernard Poole
University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown
Date: September 8, 2003

Subject(s):

• Mathematics/Arithmetic
• Language Arts/Literature/Children’s Literature

Duration: 45 minutes

Description: Students will discover the various ways they can combine two numbers to equal a sum of 10. Students will also identify patterns among the different sets of addends.

Goals: Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Mathematics :

• 2.1.3. Numbers, Number Systems and Number Relationships
A. Count using whole numbers (to 10,000) and by 2’s, 3’s, 5’s, 10’s, 25’s and 100’s.
B. Use whole numbers and fractions to represent quantities.
C. Represent equivalent forms of the same number through the use of concrete objects, drawings, word names and symbols.
G. Use concrete objects to count, order and group.
K. Describe the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction.
L. Demonstrate knowledge of basic facts in four basic operations.
• 2.4.3. Mathematical Reasoning and Connections
A. Make, check and verify predictions about the quantity, size and shape of objects and groups of objects.
• 2.5.3. Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication
A. Use appropriate problem-solving strategies (e.g., guess and check, working backwards).

Objectives:

• Students will be able to create and identify the different ways they can combine two numbers to equal a sum of 10.
• Students will be able to identify patterns among the different sets of addends used to equal the sum of 10.
• Materials:

• Ten Black Dots by Donald Crews
• black and red construction paper
• scissors
• two circle templates for the dots and ladybugs (templates need to be created by the teacher; this web site has a helpful template)
• Ziploc plastic bags
• pencils
• recording sheets (need to be created by the teacher)

Procedure: